Diabetes is a lifelong condition that causes a person’s blood sugar level to become too high. There are 2 main types of diabetes:
- Type 1 diabetes – where the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the cells that produce insulin
- Type 2 diabetes – where the body doesn’t produce enough insulin, or the body’s cells don’t react to insulin
Type 2 diabetes is far more common than type 1. In the UK, around 90% of all adults with diabetes have type 2.
There are no lifestyle changes you can make to lower your chance of type 1 diabetes; however there are a number of factors that can increase the risk of type 2 diabetes:
- Age – being over the age of 40
- Family history – those with a parent or sibling with diabetes
- Ethnicity – people of South Asian, Black African or Black Caribbean heritage
- High blood pressure
- Being overweight
- Diabetes in Oldham
In 2017/18, there were 16,019 Oldham residents with diabetes as recorded on GP registers. This is 8.2% of the Oldham population, higher than the Greater Manchester and England averages.
There were 23,999 people aged 18 and over with a BMI greater than or equal to 30 (classified as obese) as recorded on practice disease registers as of 2017/18. This is greater than the average for both Greater Manchester and England.
- Further Resources
1. Further information, facts and figures relating to diabetes can be found on the PHE Fingertips Profile here.
2. Public Health England produce summary reports on cardiovascular-related conditions for each CCG. Oldham’s Diabetes Profile can be found here.
3. The National Diabetes Audit (NDA) is a major national clinical audit, which measures the effectiveness of diabetes healthcare against NICE Clinical Guidelines and NICE Quality Standards, in England and Wales. This site includes indicators from the National Diabetes Audit, to allow comparative analysis across both GP practices and CCGs in England in diabetes care, treatment and outcomes.
4. Diabetes prevalence estimates for local populations – Estimates of the number of people aged 16 and over with diabetes in local authority and clinical commissioning group (CCG) areas in England.
5. Diabetes Outcome versus Expenditure Tool (DOVE)– The DOVE tool shows the relationship between spending on diabetes care and clinical outcomes in GP and clinical commissioning group (CCG) areas.
6. Healthwatch Type 2 Diabetes Forums Analysis Report – This report brings together all the data collected by Healthwatch Oldham during their July 2017 and November 2017 forums which focused on type 2 diabetes prevention and awareness as well as our health stall held at the European Islamic Centre Mosque in Werneth in November 2017.